Charles De Gaulle, 1942 - Library of Congress image

THE ALGERIAN QUESTION AND THE PIEDS-NOIRS

In the early ‘60s, the Algerian War of Independence had its crucial moments. In 1962 De Gaulle retired troops and the North African country became independent.

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Castel_dell'Ovo_(22)_(15580621161)

ROMOLO AUGUSTO, LAST EMPEROR

The last Roman Emperor, Romolo Augusto, was removed by the “barbarian” Odoacre, who kept him relegated to the villa of Lucullo, on the island of Megaride in the Gulf of Naples. Romolo was only fifteen years old. Odoacre paid him a rich retirement for the rest of his life.

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Stalingrad_15_09_1942 - Propaganda-Kompanie Geller - Berliner Illustrierte Zeitung 1 ottobre 1942

STALINGRAD IN 1942

The Battle of Stalingrad was the beginning of the end of the Third Reich. Hitler did not want to learn anything from the lesson the Russians had given to Napoleon. The climate and the immensity of the territory made it almost impossible to conquer Russia. The Germans’ strategy mistakes contributed to the outcomes.

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Domenico Cotugno 1736-1822
Domenico Cotugno 1736-1822

GREAT NEAPOLITAN PHYSICIANS

Medicine had its first official academy with the School of Medicine in Salerno born in the 10th century. The faculty of medicine in Naples was the heir. This formed a group of talented physicians, from Domenico Cotugno, the first great Neapolitan physician, to Giuseppe Moscati, the holy doctor.

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Proclamazione della Repubblica Romana - Antonio Balbiani - Storia Illustrata della vita di Garibaldi - Ed. Inversini-Pagani - Milano 1860 (2)

ROMAN REPUBLIC

In 1848, after hopes, then disappointed, got up by the appointment of Pius IX to the papal throne, there were riots of Risorgimento that led to the escape of the pope and the second Roman Republic. Five months of freedom were suffocated by the French troops who put again Pius IX on the throne.

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Castello Aragonese - Foto Roberto De Martino 2008
Castello Aragonese – Foto Roberto De Martino 2008

VITTORIA COLONNA, POETESS

She married Ferrante d’Avalos, lived in Ischia, was a friend of Michelangelo, had close contacts with Valdes and Ochino, major representatives of the “reform” in Italy. She was under the supervision of ecclesiastical authorities for his too-devoted ideas.

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Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion

CHINA IN THE YEAR 1900, THE BOXER REBELLION

Between 1899 and 1901 there was a popular uprising, guided by some of the imperial house, against missionaries, and more generally against all the Western world people in China, called “Boxer Rebellion.”

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Molo e Piazza Municipio - Sommer Giorgio (1834-1914) (2)

NAPLES AND NEAPOLITANS OF THE 20TH CENTURY

From “Risanamento” to post-war reconstruction, from the economic boom of the sixties to the industrial decline of the nineties. The Short Century, with its innovations, accompanied the transition of the city life from the 19th century city life to modernity.

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Napoli scudetto 1986-87
Napoli scudetto 1986-87

NAPOLI, MARADONA AND TWO PENNANTS

The History of soccer to Naples is told through the exploits of its players and coaches. Vinicio and Altafini, Sivori and Maradona, Pesaola and Bianchi. Two pennants, one UEFA Cup and various Italia cups represent the Palmares of the most representative team in southern Italy.

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Luigi Napoleone Bonaparte Presidente -Léo Lespès, Histoire politique, anecdotique et philosophique de la présidence, Paris, 1852

THE PARIS RIOTS, THE RIVOLUTION OF 1848

The third revolution was intended to bring down the Conservative government supported by the monarchy. The working classes and the Paris proletariat fought against the reactionary forces with the riots of February and June. In December of 1848 Luis Napoleon, nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, was elected to the presidency of the Republic.

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Sophia Loren e Eleonora Brown in La Ciociara 1962
Sophia Loren e Eleonora Brown in La Ciociara 1962

SOPHIA LOREN, A LIFE FOR CINEMA

From Pozzuoli to Hollywood. Sofia Scicolone, then Sofia Lazzari, finally Sophia Loren, became diva winning two Oscars. Carlo Ponti introduced her to the world of cinema that matters, Vittorio De Sica was the director who brought her to stardom, Marcello Mastroianni was his favorite companion.

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Barricata cinque giornate ricostruzione centenario 1948

THE FIVE DAYS OF MILAN

The riot of Milan between the 18 and March 22, 1848 began the first Italian war of independence. All the Milanese went to the barricades to chase away the Austrians. The King of Sardinia, Carlo Alberto, betrayed them by returning the city to the Austrians of Radetzky.

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Sophia Loren e Agostino Salvietti in L'oro di Napoli 1954
Sophia Loren e Agostino Salvietti in L’oro di Napoli 1954

NAPLES, MECCA OF CINEMA

The invention of cinema saw Naples in the forefront. The city became a small Hollywood. The films, shot on soundstages and in the streets of Naples, were more numerous then in the rest of Italy. The advent of sound films and the creation of Cinecittà were the cause of the transfer of production companies in Rome.

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Carri armati US checkpoint Charlie 1961 - US Army Photo

BERLIN WALL

In 1961 the communist regime that ruled East Germany decided to build a wall to isolate Berlin and prevent leaks of East German citizens in the West. The wall was pulled down in 1989, following Gorbachev’s Perestroika.

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Pino Daniele 1979

NAPLES SINGS, FROM MIGNONETTE TO DANIELE

The twentieth century was the golden age of Neapolitan song. This is a festival of musicians and singers who have marked a turning point in the Neapolitan style of music, from traditional melodic style to the Neapolitan Sound.

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Bombardamenti di Napoli, via Marina 1943

NAPLES UNDER BOMBING

The first bombing was in Naples in 1918. An Austrian airship threw bombs on the city. In World War II there were 200 bombings, including those carried out by “allies” and those following of the Germans. The city counted 20,000 dead under the bombs.

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Portaerei Hermes R-12 1982 (Defense visual information center)

FALKLANDS WAR

Since April 2, 1982 the British made their war for the reconquest of the Falkland Islands occupied by the Argentine. 907 men were killed and dozens were sunk ships and downed aircraft. On 14 June the same year the British returned the Falkland (named Malvinas in Argentina).

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Eduardo, Peppino e Titina De Filippo

EDUARDO, PEPPINO AND TITINA DE FILIPPO

They have shaped the history of the theater: Eduardo with his social commitment plays, Peppino with his humor, Titina with her masterful theatrical and film interpretations.

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Palazzo san Giacomo lato piazza Municipio - Baku 2009 CC BY-SA 3.0
Palazzo san Giacomo – Baku 2009 CC BY-SA 3.0

STORY OF THE BANCO DI NAPOLI

It is the oldest Italian bank. It was the bank of issue of the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1926, printing banknotes for about 60 years. It is currently a bank of the banking group Intesa Sanpaolo.

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Impero dei Franchi 481 - 814 (en.svg:Semhur derivative work Dom De Felice 2009) CC BY-SA 3.0

EUROPE OF CHARLEMAGNE

Charles the Great built an empire unifying Europe. His kingdom was from the Pyrenees to Poland. It bordered toward South with the pope’s lands. It touched the shores of the North Sea and the Baltic toward North. Charlemagne created the single European currency.

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Rodolfo d'Asburgo 1881 (Atelier Adele)

RUDOLF OF HABSBURG AND MARY VETSERA

The death of the heir Emperor of Austria and his young mistress found lifeless in Mayerling gave rise to the most diverse suspicions of a state crime or a spy crime. A terrible secret, remained so until today.

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Eremo di Sant'Onofrio al Morrone - Autore presunto Inviaggiocommons 2007

CELESTINE V AND THE TREASURE OF THE TEMPLERS

The pope who “due to cowardice made the great refusal”, so Dante mentioned him in the “Divine Comedy”. The real reasons for his resignation and stories about the treasure of the Templars in the Basilica of Santa Maria di Collemaggio.

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Francesco_II_delle_Due_Sicilie

NAPLES AT THE TIME OF BOURBON

By Charles to Francischiello, 125 years of the Bourbon dynasty in Naples passed between light and shadow, between enlightened kings and traitors of their word, between moderates and bloodthirsty governments. 1,000 men and a general were enough to kick them.

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Immagine tratta dal volume Cronaca del convento di sabt'Arcangelo a Bajano - Archivi di Napoli 1860

LOVES AND CRIMES IN THE CONVENT OF SANT’ARCANGELO IN BAJANO

This is the chronicle of events that took place in the monastery of St. Archangel in Bajano of Naples. The events found their sad conclusion in the year 1577. Nuns of the convent, as novellas sirens, attracted beautiful and handsome young men for their games of love.

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Ugo Moncada - «Retratos de Españoles ilustres» publicado por la Real Imprenta de Madrid - 1791

NAPLES AT THE TIME OF THE SPANISH

The era of the Viceroy began with the short French parentheses to continue with the long period of the Spanish, which lasted two centuries and had a strong influence on the costumes and the Neapolitan language. Last was the Austrian viceroyalty that preceded the Bourbon dynasty.

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C-130 Hercules della Israeli Air Force - TSgt.Ken Hammond USAF .U.S. Defenselmagery 1987
C-130 Hercules – TSgt.Ken Hammond USAF .U.S. Defenselmagery 1987

ISRAELI RAID AT ENTEBBE

In 1976 105 hostages were kidnapped in the airport of Entebbe following the hijacking of a French aircraft made by Palestinian and German terrorists. An operation by Israeli security forces managed to free all hostages.

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NAPLES AT THE TIME OF THE MIDDLE AGES

The Byzantines came in Naples after the Romans. The city was formed in an independent duchy. The Normans came after five hundred years, conquering all of southern Italy, the Swabians came with Frederick II, the French came with the Anjou, the Aragonese kings followed the Anjou.

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John F. Kennedy – White House Press Office – 1961

MISSILE CRISIS AND NAVAL BLOCKADE OF CUBA

The thirteen days that made the world tremble. The missiles in Cuba were revenge for the ill-fated mission of the Bay of Pigs and the attempt by the Soviets to set foot in America continent. It finished with the dismantling of the bases in exchange for a US promise not to invade Cuba.

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NAPLES AT THE TIME OF THE GREEKS AND ROMANS

Neapolis (Naples) was founded in the eighth century by the Cumans, becoming the cradle of Greek civilization and preserving its costumes until after the Middle Ages. It became the home town of Virgil. It was the host of Isolympic Games as opposed to the Olympic Games from the first century A.D..

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daniele_manin

THE REPUBLIC OF SAN MARCO – VENICE

In 1848 the Venetians revolted and founded the Republic of San Marco, which lasted just over a year, after the betrayal of Napoleon at Campoformio and the return of the Austrians in Veneto. In 1849 the Hapsburg came again in Venice.

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RASPUTIN, DEVIL OR HOLY MAN

Was Rasputin a holy man or a devil? He was hated by everyone to Court, with the exception of the tsar family that doted on him. He seemed immortal, survived two attacks. He was poisoned and then shot in the last plot to kill him.

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NAPOLEON, FROM ELBA TO PARIS

Napoleon, defeated at Leipzig, became prince of the isle of Elba, retaining the title of emperor with an income of two million francs.

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TROTULA DE RUGGIERO AND THE SALERNO MEDICAL SCHOOL

Trotula de Ruggiero (Trota of Salerno), lived in the eleventh century, was the most important “physician” of “mulieres Salernitanae“, …

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MASSIMO TROISI, STARTING FROM THREE

Massimo Troisi represented the very soul of Naples, interpreting, through TV and movie screen, the story of a young Southern. The fatigue of his last and most beautiful film was fatal, …

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ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI, A BRAVE WOMAN

She was follower of the school of Caravaggio, his life was adventurous as that of his master. She had no fear of taking in court the man who had raped her, …

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Metronapoli
Metrò linea 1 Napoli – Bicloch 2009 CC BY 3.0

IN NAPLES THE FIRST ITALIAN SUBWAY

In 1925 the first Italian Subway was inaugurated in Naples, it was almost all in the tunnel and crossed the city in its full length. …

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BRIGANDS

Brigandage, social problem especially widespread in southern Italy, was used by the Bourbons, by the French, by papal authorities and by landowners …

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STRANGE CASE OF FILIPPO CIFARIELLO, SCULPTOR

Philip Cifariello “Gattonero” was a talented sculptor. He was so next to the reality in reproducing the features of the people in his artistic works that his colleagues …

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FANNY CERRITO, THE NEAPOLITAN DANCER

She was a great ballet dancer, Etoile at the San Carlo Theater, “La Scala”, London, Paris and Vienna. She danced with the “verve” of a real Neapolitan girl.

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CHARLE III IN NAPLES, ABSOLUTISM AND ENLIGHTENMENT

In 1734 Charles III of Bourbon became King of Naples and Sicily thanks to the maneuverings of the powerful mother Elisabetta Farnese, …

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Corso_Umberto_I_negli_anni_50

LATE 19TH CENTURY, NAPLES, DEMOLITION AND URBAN REHABILITATION

In 1884 cholera broke out in Italy; there were more than 8,000 deaths in Naples. The law of “Risanamento” of Naples was passed, …

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ROMANS VS SAMNITES, THE “CAUDINE FORKS”

In 321 BC the Romans clashed with Samnites: it ended badly for the Romans. Even today we often use an expression, …

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Le_Gray,_Gustave_(1820-1884)_-_Palerme._Portrait_de_Giuseppe_Garibaldi,_juillet_1860

GARIBALDI AND THE THOUSAND, FROM QUARTO TO GAETA (part 2)

An international intrigue, thousand patriots, a general, betrayal of militaries, politicals and noble Bourbons determined the most modern Italian Army defeat …

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THE “CONFESSIONS” OF MARIA CAROLINA

The confessions are drawn by the book of Giovanni La Cecilia (1801-1880): “Secret History of the Bourbons of Naples and Sicily”.  …

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Giuseppe_Garibaldi_(1867)

GARIBALDI AND THE THOUSAND, FROM QUARTO TO GAETA (part 1)

An international intrigue, thousand patriots, a general, betrayal of militaries, politicals and noble Bourbons determined the most modern Italian Army defeat …

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AntonioDeCurtisFoto

TOTO’, THE PRINCE OF THE LAUGHTER

From illegitimate son to Prince, from theatrical show to committed film by Pier Paolo Pasolini, from tragic love of Liliana Castagnola to love affairs with Franca Faldini: …

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MARIA CAROLINA, A “GERMAN” IN NAPLES

She became Queen of Naples to 16 years of age marrying Ferdinando IV of Bourbon, she took the power into her own hands and wanted to govern in place of her husband.

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THE NORMANS OF THE SOUTH

They came from the far north in southern Italy with Rainulfo Drengot during the eleventh century, they reigned with the Altavilla family …

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VIRGILIO, THE MAGICIAN OF NAPLES

Virgilio, the “quiet” man, lived in Naples for many years, after his death he was venerated by the people as “holy” protector of the city.  …

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THE 1848 RIOTS IN NAPLES

In 1848 revolutionary uprisings broke out in Naples for free from the oppression of the Bourbon monarchy and get more freedom; all ended in a bloodbath …

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ELEONORA DE FONSECA PIMENTEL, THE PORTOGHESINA

She, dubbed the “portoghesina” for its origins, was literate and poet. Welcomed the royal court of the Bourbons she gave up all its benefits to follow her Jacobin vocation.

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THE NEAPOLITAN REPUBLIC AND THE MARTYRS OF 1799

The French Revolution shook Europe, a group of revolutionaries expelled the Bourbons from Naples and founded the “Neapolitan Republic”, …

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Benedetto_Croce_biblioteca

THE BIOGRAPHY OF BENEDETTO CROCE

He was a philosopher, historian, senator, minister. A lifetime of study crossed by many personal and political vicissitudes: he was a victim of the earthquake of Casamicciola, …

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Achille39
Nave “Achille Lauro” 1986 D.R. Walker CC BY-SA 3.0

THE “ACHILLE LAURO” CASE AND THE SIGONELLA CRISIS

Terrorists of the Palestine Liberation Front hijacked the cruise ship “Achille Lauro”; a US citizen was killed.

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LADISLAO AND THE FATAL WOMAN

Ladislao I, king of Naples, called the Magnanimous, wanted to unify Italy in the kingdom of Naples, he passed unscathed so many battles but was killed by a fatal woman.

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Enrico_Caruso ( anteriore al 1921) Photo Laveccha Studio

THE “VOICE” OF NAPLES: ENRICO CARUSO

He was a lyric tenor singer, he was very successful in America. He was the first singer to use the records for the diffusion of his interpretations;…

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ARMANDO DIAZ, FROM CAPORETTO TO THE VICTORY

In November 1917, during the First World War, when all seemed lost for Italy, Vittorio Emanuele III appointed General Armando Diaz Chief commander of the army ..

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VLAD III (DRACULA) IN NAPLES

Vlad III Voivode of Wallachia, AKA Dracula the vampire, died in battle in 1477, perhaps his tomb is located in Naples in the complex of Santa Maria La Nova. …

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Eduardo_Scarpetta

EDUARDO SCARPETTA ACTOR AND PLAYWRIGHT

Eduardo Scarpetta, actor and playwright of Naples, was the founder of a theatrical and artistic family. It was the father of Titina, Eduardo and Peppino De Filippo …

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Antro della Sibilla – Photo: Mentnafunangann

CUMA AND SIBYL OF CUMA (SIBILLA CUMANA)
Cuma was a city of Magna Greece founded between 725 and 740 BC, where the Sibyl Cumana lived, famous for his prophecies …

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Umberto_Nobile

A NEAPOLITAN TO NORTH POLE UMBERTO NOBILE AND THE RED TENT

Umberto Nobile, aeronautical engineer and manufacturer, participated as a commander in two expeditions to the North Pole, …

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GIACOMO LEOPARDI AT NAPLES

Giacomo Leopardi, the greatest Italian poet, after living in Recanati, his birthplace, Rome, Milan, Bologna, Florence, Pisa, spent the last years of his life in Naples ….

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Castel dell'Ovo (Producer)
Castel dell’Ovo by Wikipedia: Producer

DELL’OVO CASTLE

The castle stands on a small island, formerly called Megaride, whose left side, looking from the mainland, is the result of a sea filled with made in the early twentieth century,…

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FRANCESCO CARACCIOLO, HORATIO NELSON AND EMMA HAMILTON

In 1799 Caracciolo was hanged to the mast of the Minerva ship, following the condemnation of a military court that executed the order of Nelson to issue death sentences, …

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THE REVOLT OF MASANIELLO

Masaniello in 1647 led a popular uprising against taxes, the riot lasted 10 days, ended with the murder of Masaniello and with the Royal Neapolitan Republic.

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Raimondo_di_Sangro

RAIMONDO DI SANGRO PRINCE OF SANSEVERO

He was a scientist and alchemist and was considered esoteric and magician, he made many inventions and anatomical studies.

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THE CASE OF ANGELA CELENTANO

Saturday August 10, 1996 Monte Faito (Vico Equense), a 3 year old baby, Angela Celentano, disappeared on a trip with his parents and a group of acquaintances and was never found.

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220px-Napoli_bombardamentiTHE FOUR DAYS OF NAPLES

In the days between 27 and 30 September 1943 the Neapolitans rose up against the German occupiers and, after fierce fighting, drove them from the city.

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CARLO PISACANE AND ENRICHETTA DI LORENZO

Carlo Pisacane was a Neapolitan patriot, he fought for the liberation and unification of Italy along with his girlfriend Enrichetta Di Lorenzo.

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JOANNA II OF NAPLES (REGINA GIOVANNA)

Joanna II of Naples family of Anjou-Durazzo is commonly known as the Regina Giovanna.

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JOACHIM MURAT FROM SOLDIER TO KING

Joachim Murat, who had to become a priest, he enlisted as soldier, he was promoted to general, married Caroline Bonaparte, became King of Naples.

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ERUPTION OF VESUVIUS AND DESTRUCTION OF POMPEII

In 79 A.D. a terrible eruption of Vesuvius destroyed Pompeii completely along with the towns of Herculaneum, Oplonti and Stabia.

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240px-Teatr_San_Carlo_NeapolSAN CARLO THEATRE IN NAPLES

The Teatro San Carlo in Naples, built in 1737, the first great opera house in Italy, was built by King Charles of Bourbon to provide the capital of his kingdom of a great work culture.

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SPARTACUS AND THE SLAVE REVOLT

In 73 BC Spartacus , a Roman slave born in Thrace in 109 BC, was rebelled and he and his companions stood up for three years to the Roman legions ….

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Die_Gartenlaube_(1860)_b_753THE SHORT STORY OF CONRADIN OF SWABIA

Corradino Hohenstaufen was born March 25, 1252 in Landshut in Lower Bavaria. He was the son of Emperor Conrad IV and Elizabeth of Wittelsbach. …

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THE TRAGIC LOVE OF MARIA D’AVALOS FOR FABRIZIO CARAFA

S. Domenico Maggiore Square in Naples, Palazzo Sansevero, 1590: this is the scene and the time of the cruelest crimes took place in Naples, ….

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MARIE SOPHIE OF BAYERN QUEEN IN NAPLES

Marie Sophie Wittelsbach, in Bayern, wife of Francesco II, King of the Regno delle due Sicilie, was the last queen of Naples….

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EDGAR DEGAS AND HIS LINKS WITH NAPLES

Edgar Degas, famous French impressionist painter, kwown for his paintings of dancers, had an unexpected and profound link with Naples.

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